This book offers an in-depth description of absorption chillers and heat pumps, focusing on relatively simple systems that employ working fluids in the liquid and vapor phase. The book provides a thorough explanation of how thermodynamic and transport properties of working fluid mixtures enable them to influence the performance of absorption systems. The student or engineer who is a newcomer to the field will gain a comprehensive knowledge essential for the design and evaluation of absorption systems.
This book is the result of a long-term co-operative research and professional development programme between the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE), Mexico, and the University of Salford, UK. It provides the design basis for the fabrication of small and large scale commercial absorption heat pump systems, and includes a comprehensive treatment of the economics of heat pump systems. It charts the development of heat pump technology from theoretical principles to the operation of practical systems for the purification of water, both for human consumption and a wide variety of industrial purposes.
Centrifugal pump technology involves a broad spectrum of flow phenomena, which have a profound impact on design and operation through the achieved efficiency, the stability of the head-capacity characteristic, component failure due to fatigue, as well as material damage caused by cavitation, hydro-abrasive wear or erosion corrosion. Operation and life cycle costs of pumping equipment depend to a large extent on how well these phenomena and the interaction of the pump with the system are understood. The book comprises thirteen chapters covering: theory of centrifugal pump impeller, design of mixed flow impellers, pump casing, hydraulic performance, leakage-disk friction and mechanical losses, water hammer, special operating conditions, and its applications. The book also describes cavitation in pumps, and how unacceptable cavitation can be avoided with the aid of an inducer or using a bleeding system. It explains cavitation problems such as hydraulic performance loss, hydro-dynamically or thermodynamically induced surging, and cavitation erosion/corrosion. The book aims to be simple as is compatible with reasonably complete treatment of the subject. The mathematics has been kept as elementary as possible and many of the standard proofs have been simplified. This book is intended for professional engineers, researchers, specialist students, plant operators and maintenance personnel, plant engineers, and consulting engineers.
This CD-ROM shows how to systematically incorporate the principles of water conservation, recycling, and reuse into the design of new plants, retrofits of existing systems, and technology development. Technology summaries and case studies that support this systematic approach to water reuse, as well as recommendations for further research, are included. <p> Included in the price of this CD-ROM is an additional chapter, available in December 2002, detailing water reuse opportunities by industry. The chapter will address the general uses of water in industry, their associated energy costs, and energy management as related to water use and water use reduction.
Which works better to haul a pumpkin--a lever or wheels and axles? Readers will see how a group of kids compares two simple machines and decides which one does a better job at moving the pumpkin.
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