The book begins with an overview of the field, followed by an examination of the choice of variety of species for variable environments, new crops and diversification, production and impacts of economic and ecological factors on agricultural production generally. It goes on to consider specific aspects of pest and disease control in agriculture. The final part is devoted to bio-economic aspects of marine production. Interesting and often controversial topics include consequences and economic causes of genetic selection in agriculture, transgenic crops (GMOs), and effects of aquaculture on levels of wild fish stocks.
There has been growing attention to urban agriculture (UA) worldwide because of its role in making cities more sustainable from an environmental perspective while also contributing to the role farming and gardening in the city contribute to social justice. This edited volume brings together current research and case material about urban agriculture from both the Global North (GN) and the Global South (GS). Its objective is to help bridge the long-standing divide between discussion of UA in the GS and GN and to demonstrate that today there are greater areas of overlap than difference both theoretically and substantively and that research in one area can help inform the other. Themes to be included in the book are urban agriculture and how this supports livelihoods, provides ecosystem services and community development; UA and social capital, networks, and agro-biodiversity conservation. The book explains what have we learned regarding UA in one part of the world that may be applicable elsewhere. It also examines, quite fundamentally, why do people farm in the city and how can UA contribute to more sustainable cities in both the GN and GS?
This book meets the needs of teachers and students of agriculture and rural development project and programme planning, planners employed by governments in developing countries and by external financing agencies. Project planners must understand the aspirations of rural families and their local leaders, the national development and sector planning goals and policies of their governments and the development goals and policy priorities perceived by external financing agencies in relation to their countries. These areas are not always consistent and trade-offs may be required. However it is recognised that poor project planning is a major constraint to the sustainable realization of project and programme objectives and sector goals. Illustrated with case studies and logical framework matrices, this book presents well-established and relatively new practices followed in the context of agriculture and rural development project and programme planning. Although based on experiences gained in Africa, the issues described are relevant to planning problems encountered in other developing regions of the world. It addresses the main factors which affect the success of planning such as a government's ability to guarantee macro-economic stability and sound sector development policies; the shift from 'top-down', bureaucratic to 'bottom-up', participatory planning approaches and the roles played by external financing agencies. It explains key technical, financial, economic, environmental, socio-cultural, equity, gender and institutional-strengthening issues concerning planning in rural areas and reviews the planning tools and approaches available. The procurement of goods and services, the disbursement of funds and monitoring and evaluation requirements are examined in detail.
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